Parasites are organisms that survive by attacking pets and farm animals for nourishment. They live within or on the body and take benefits from food the animal eats and relies on the protection of the host animal. The victim animal becomes the sufferer.
On the other hand, external parasites such as ticks transfer disease from animals to people. However, a combination of watchful management of animals and targeted medicines can control parasites before more harm is done by these organisms. The major types of animal parasiticides are ectoparasiticides and endoparasiticides. Here’s a brief overview:
Arthropod parasites or ectoparasites have become the major causes of livestock production losses throughout the world. In addition, many arthropod species can act as vectors of disease agents for both animals and people. Treatment with various parasiticides to reduce or eliminate ectoparasites is often required in order to maintain health and to prevent economic loss in food animals.
Significant advances have been made in the discovery and development of ectoparasiticides products for dogs over the years. This has resulted in an enormous increase in the number of available products to either treat dogs against ectoparasites or to prevent development of ectoparasite populations in the household environment.
Flea and tick infestation is a major health problem in domestic dogs and cats, and act as a financial burden to their owners. A wide array of ectoparasiticides has been available in the earlier times and switching among brands was frequent. This led to problems in achieving acceptable external parasite control. Veterinarians are uniquely qualified to explain the host-parasite interrelationships and advise owners on selecting the most suitable control program. However, many pet owners still go for flea and tick products in supermarkets or pet supply shops where professional advice is not available. Recent advances in product technology have greatly expanded the available options for veterinarians and pet owners. Arthropod parasites or ectoparasites are major causes of livestock production loses throughout the world. Parasites that live permanently on the skin, such lice, can be controlled by directly treating the host animal. Ectoparasites with stages that live off the host are less easily controlled.
Treatment with parasiticides to reduce ectoparasites is usually required to maintain health and to prevent economic loss in food animals.
Endectocides are capable of killing both internal and external parasites. It is necessary to accurately identify the parasite or correct diagnosis based on clinical signs for selection of the appropriate parasiticides. The selected agent can be administered or applied directly to the animal, or introduced into the environment to reduce the arthropod population to a level that is no longer of economic or health consequence.
Products are available for parenteral administration or for topical application by various methods, including dips, sprays, pour-ons, spot-ons, dusting powders, and ear tags. The method used depends on the target parasite and the victim animal.
From the above points it becomes crystal clear that the animal parasiticides market is going to achieve a newer height in upcoming years.