Greenhouse Horticulture: The Brightest Hope for the Future of Agricultural Growth
With the rising population globally, it becomes an emerging concern for the agriculture industry to meet the increasing demand for food. Moreover, the changing climatic conditions due to global warming acts as a barrier for healthy and massive crop production. Greenhouse horticulture is the best solution for these rising problems in crop production. Apart from helping to meet the increasing demands of food, greenhouse technology of growing crops also help in producing off-seasoned food.
Generally, crop production is a challenging business when the crops are frequently exposed to unfavorable climatic conditions. The primary factors for growing healthy crops production are soil quality, water availability, good weather, and proper climatic conditions. With time, global food security is nowadays completely dependent on crop production. Therefore, to beat this emerging demand for food, with the adverse climatic changes, greenhouse horticulture is the best solution. It is a procedure of performing farming in a controlled environment which enables crops to grow in proper climatic conditions. Before moving ahead, with the numerous benefits of adopting greenhouse horticulture, let’s start with the essentials first.
What is Greenhouse Horticulture?
Greenhouse horticulture is a unique type of farming procedure, in which crops are grown within a transparent closed sheltered structure. The main purpose of this type of farming is to provide favorable climatic conditions to crops or some tender plants which should be protected from extreme weather and pests.
Previously, these shelters were made up of wood, or bricks with fewer window proportions, to commonly generate the required amount of heat for the growth of crops. However, nowadays, greenhouse horticulture uses glass or plastic enclosed structures for the production of fruits, flowers, vegetables, and many exotic plants require a special condition of temperature. This type of farming increases the yielding of crops and hence, helps to meet the demand for food worldwide.
What are the different variables of Greenhouse Horticulture?
In greenhouse horticulture, each greenhouse structure depends on several aspects depending on the type of plants and crops to be yielded. Some of the variables of greenhouse horticulture are listed below:
- Specified heating proportions
- Amount of sunlight
- The ratio of natural ventilation
- Size of the farm
- The efficiency of materials used for shelter
What are the Key Advantages of Greenhouse Horticulture?
There are various advantages of adopting greenhouse horticulture on a larger scale. Some of them are listed below:
- Lessen-up Production Risks- With greenhouse farming, the crops can be prevented from damages due to sudden rise or fall of temperature. Moreover, the crops can also be birds and other animals.
- Increased Production Rate- As per research and studies, it has proven that on greenhouse horticulture, the number of growth of plants per square foot is more than growing crops in the open field. This is because of the optimal climatic conditions, which can be created in greenhouse horticulture.
- Greater Control of Pests, Weeds, and Diseases- As in this type of farming, crops can be grown under favorable climatic conditions, this leads to the prevention of crops from weeds, pests, and other several diseases which are generally caused due to the sudden fluctuation of atmospheric temperature.
- Enable to Earn Maximum Profits- According to the studies and research on agriculture, it has been noticed that the production rate of crops per square foot in greenhouse horticulture, is two to three times more than that of open-field agriculture.
- Growing of Crops Throughout the Year- Greenhouse horticulture also enables the production of off-seasoned crops all around the year by providing specific climatic conditions required for the yielding of quality crops in huge quantities.
Future Insights of Greenhouse Horticulture Market
The growing inclination of people towards adopting a healthy diet has increased the demand for some specific fruits and vegetables all across the year. Moreover, the increasing demand for food to meet the demand of the growing population is expected to drive the global greenhouse horticulture market in the upcoming days. The market is expected to garner a revenue of $66,419.9 million with a healthy CAGR of 10.0% during the estimated period from 2021-2028.
The Bottom Line
The growing frequency of climatic changes all across the globe is becoming a major concern for the production of good quality crops on a larger scale. Due to this, opting for greenhouse horticulture will increase in the near future to boost the production rate of crops all around the year to meet the rising demand of people worldwide.
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