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Macadamia Nut Market Report


Macadamia Nut Market by Processing (Conventional and Organic), Product (Raw, Roasted, and Coated), Distribution (Online and Offline), and Region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA): Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2023-2032


Pages: 384

Sep 2023

Macadamia Nut Overview

Macadamia nuts are fruits produced by macadamia trees; a species of evergreen trees indigenous to Australia. Macadamia nuts have other names in different parts of the world: they are also known as the Queensland nut, bush nut, mariachi nut, bauble nut, and Hawaii nut. Macadamia nuts originate from Australia's rainforests. They are named after the chemist John Macadam, a Scottish-Australian who first documented the species. Macadamia nuts are popular for their rich and buttery flavor, as well as their creamy texture. They are popular for snacking, baking, and cooking purposes. The macadamia tree is an evergreen tree that can grow tall and produce small, round nuts with a hard shell. These nuts benefit the human diet, including healthy monounsaturated fats, fiber, cancer-fighting antibodies, vitamins and minerals. It is grown in several countries such as Australia, USA, South Africa, and Brazil. Consumers can buy macadamia nuts at general stores and grocery stores. Their exquisite taste makes them a favorite choice for consumption and incorporating them into a well-balanced diet can provide different health advantages.

Global Macadamia Nut Market Analysis

The global macadamia nut market size was $1.59 billion in 2022 and is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 9.5%, by generating a revenue of $3.70 billion by 2032.

COVID-19 Impact on Global Macadamia Nut Market

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the macadamia nuts market. The global supply chain were disrupted, with transportation restrictions and a reduced workforce causing delays in harvesting, processing, and distribution. The demand for luxury and premium food products, including macadamia nuts, decreased due to economic uncertainties and changed consumer behavior. The closure of restaurants and a shift towards essential items further affected the demand for macadamia nuts, particularly in the food service sector. Export challenges like travel restrictions and trade barriers hampered international trade. Price volatility was observed in the market due to fluctuations in supply and demand and logistical challenges. However, there are potential opportunities in the long run as consumer preferences shift towards healthier food options, including nuts. Recovery in the macadamia nuts market is expected as the situation evolves and vaccination efforts progress, but the pace of recovery may vary across regions and market segments.

Health Benefits to Drive the Market Growth

Several factors drive the growth and demand of the macadamia nuts market. Firstly, the health benefits of macadamia nuts, including their nutritional value and positive effect on heart health and brain function, have driven customers to look for more advantageous food options. Moreover, increasing demand for macadamia nuts in confectioneries, bakeries, sauces, etc., drives market growth. In addition, the growing popularity of macadamia nuts as a nutritious snack option and including macadamia nuts in vegan and plant-based diets has also contributed to the increase in macadamia nut consumption. The market has also benefited from international trade, export opportunities, and promotional efforts by industry players to create awareness about macadamia nuts. Moreover, product innovation, such as flavored varieties and diverse product offerings, has expanded the consumer base and further propelled market growth.

Supply and Demand Imbalances to Restrain the Market Growth  

The imbalance between supply and demand is the major factor. Fluctuations in macadamia nut supply due to weather conditions, pests, diseases, and natural disasters can impact availability and limit market growth. Price volatility is another constraint, as macadamia nuts are known for their high price compared to other nuts. If prices rise too high, it can restrict consumer affordability and dampen demand. In addition, macadamia nuts compete with other nuts, such as almonds, walnuts, and cashews, which can have lower prices and mature markets. Limited geographical distribution, mainly concentrated in Australia, Hawaii and South Africa, hinders accessibility and availability in other regions. Perceived high-fat content may also deter specific consumers due to health concerns or dietary preferences. Limited product awareness and unfamiliarity with macadamia nuts can restrain market growth, particularly in regions where they are less recognized. Trade barriers and regulations, such as tariffs and import restrictions, can further impede the global trade of macadamia nuts, limiting market expansion.

Rising Demand for Plant-Based Proteins to Drive Excellent Opportunities

The macadamia nuts market holds significant opportunities for growth and expansion. Macadamia nuts are known for their health benefits. Increasing consumer demand for health and fitness is creating a positive impact on the market. Additionally, the growing demand for plant-based proteins has created opportunities to use macadamia nuts in various foods to meet the needs of vegetarian and vegan consumers. The flourishing snack food industry drives the market as macadamia nuts are delicious and nutritious. Additionally, the growth of disposable incomes enables consumers to explore premium food products like macadamia nuts. At the same time, the expanding export markets in developing economies present new avenues for growth. Product diversification, innovation, and a focus on sustainability and ethical sourcing practices can further differentiate macadamia nut products and attract conscious consumers.

Global Macadamia Nut Market Share, by Processing, 2022

The conventional sub-segment accounted for the highest market share in 2022. Conventional macadamia nuts have dominated the market, benefiting from lower production costs due to traditional farming methods that involve chemical inputs. This allowed for larger-scale cultivation, mechanization, and lower labor requirements, making conventional macadamia nuts more affordable and accessible. Moreover, established supply chains and market channels in major macadamia nut-producing regions further contributed to their dominance. However, evolving consumer preferences and expanding awareness of health and environmental concerns have driven a growing demand for organic and sustainably produced macadamia nuts. As a result, the market share of organic and alternative macadamia nut items has risen, challenging the long-standing dominance of usual varieties.

Global Macadamia Nut Market Share, by Product, 2022

The raw sub-segment accounted for the highest market share in 2022. Raw macadamia nuts have dominated the market due to several key factors. Firstly, raw macadamia nuts retain nutritional value, containing essential nutrients like healthy fats, protein, fiber, and vitamins and minerals. Their natural flavor and crunchy texture make them highly appealing to consumers, allowing for versatile culinary applications. Additionally, the health benefits of raw macadamia nuts, such as being a source of heart-healthy monounsaturated fats, antioxidants, and potential contributions to cholesterol management and weight control, have further boosted their popularity. As the demand for healthy and natural food options increases, raw macadamia nuts align perfectly with these trends, attracting health-conscious consumers. While processing methods like roasting or flavoring cater to niche market segments, the raw form of macadamia nuts remains dominant.

Global Macadamia Nut Market Share, by Distribution, 2022

The online sub-segment accounted for the highest market share in 2022. Online platforms have come to dominate the macadamia nuts market due to several key factors. Firstly, they have significantly increased accessibility, making macadamia nuts readily available to consumers worldwide. No longer limited to specialty stores, online platforms offer various macadamia nut products from different suppliers and regions, accessible with just a few clicks. Secondly, the global reach of online channels has expanded the market for macadamia nuts beyond traditional boundaries. With the ability to ship products worldwide, macadamia nuts from countries like Australia, Hawaii, South Africa, and Kenya can now reach customers anywhere. Convenience and timesaving are other significant advantages of online shopping. Consumers can easily browse, compare prices, read reviews, and purchase from the comfort of their homes anytime. Furthermore, the transparency of online platforms fosters price competition, allowing customers to find the best deals. Detailed product information, nutritional facts, and customer reviews also aid in informed decision-making, building trust in the quality of macadamia nut products. Direct-to-consumer sales eliminate intermediaries, enabling producers to offer competitive pricing while maintaining profitability. Finally, online channels are effective marketing tools, offering exposure and brand awareness opportunities for macadamia nut producers, including smaller and niche brands. 

Global Macadamia Nut Market Share, by Region, 2022

The North America macadamia nut market generated the highest revenue in 2022. North America's potential dominance in the macadamia nut market can be attributed to several factors. First, the climate and geography of the region, especially parts of California and Mexico, facilitate the cultivation of macadamia with a subtropical climate and consistent rainfall. This proximity to major consumer markets gives North American manufacturers a competitive edge. Second, North America's reputation for technological advancements and research capabilities may have led to the development of innovative farming techniques, advanced crop management practices, and harvesting processes. These advances can improve yield, quality, and profitability, making North American macadamia nuts more globally competitive. Thirdly, the region's adherence to stringent quality standards, food safety measures, and internationally recognized certifications can increase the credibility and appeal of North American macadamia nuts to consumers worldwide. Additionally, well-established marketing and distribution networks in North America can facilitate efficient supply chains and broader market reach, enabling producers to capture market share.

Competitive Scenario in the Global Macadamia Nut Market

Investment and agreement are common strategies followed by major market players. One of the leading market players in the industry is Health and Plant Protein Group Limited. Feb-2018: Health and Plant Protein Group Limited took over the Royal Hawaiian Orchards (RHO) brand. MacFarms LLC and RHO would be responsible for almost 65% of macadamia production in the USA. In addition, RHO would also become a significant shareholder of Buderim and long-term agreements that would ensure supply security and provenance that include the chances of establishing joint processing facilities in Hawaii.


Some of the leading macadamia nut market players are Hawaiian Host Group, Health and Plant Protein Group Limited, Hamakua Macadamia Nut Company, Mac's Nut Co. of Hawaii, North Shore Macadamia Nut Company, Superior Nut Company, Inc, Macadamia.US, Makua Coffee and T.M. Ward Coffee Company.



Historical Market Estimations


Base Year for Market Estimation


Forecast Timeline for Market Projection


Geographical Scope

North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA

Segmentation by Processing

  • Conventional
  • Organic

Segmentation by Product

  • Raw
  • Roasted
  • Coated


Segmentation by Distribution



  • Online
  • Offline

Key Companies Profiled

  • Hawaiian Host Group
  • Health and Plant Protein Group Limited
  • Hamakua Macadamia Nut Company
  • Mac's Nut Co. of Hawaii
  • North Shore Macadamia Nut Company
  • Superior Nut Company, Inc
  • Macadamia.US
  • Makua Coffee
  • T.M. Ward Coffee Company


Frequently Asked Questions

A. The size of the global macadamia nut market was over $1.59 billion in 2022 and is projected to reach $3.70 billion by 2032.

A. Makua Coffee and T.M. Ward Coffee Company are some of the key players in the global macadamia nut market.

A. The North America region possesses great investment opportunities for investors to witness the most promising growth in the future.

A. Agreement and investment are the two key strategies opted by the operating companies in this market.

A. Mac's Nut Co. of Hawaii, North Shore Macadamia Nut Company, Superior Nut Company are the companies investing more in R&D activities for developing new products and technologies.

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