The agriculture arena is evolving with many technological innovations that give rise to novel practises of farming. The growing world population demands huge quantities of food. Hence, there is a strong need to adopt environment-friendly techniques to help feed the world with an aging farmer population, diminishing farmland, and a changing climate.
Greenhouse horticulture is one of the most demanding agricultural techniques these days, as it offers advantages on the environmental parameter, greater effectiveness in resource usage (fertilizers, water, etc.), and the usage of progressive technologies (automation, hydroponics, etc.) for greater output, earliness, stability, and quality of crop production. Greenhouse horticulture technique involves the development of crops inside or under a sheltered set-up to facilitate improved growing environments and/or protection from infections, pests, and adverse climate.
Why is the Implementation of Greenhouse Horticulture Technique Imperative?
There is no doubt that the greenhouse horticulture sector is enduring to progress an accelerated pace. As the worldwide demand for food is anticipated to boost in future, it seems as if it will become ever more vital to control farmers to make full and proper usage of the assets accessible to them. Many nations, for instance: India, are constructing new greenhouses with the support of government to offer adequate food to the growing population.
Also, the changing weather circumstances, such as global warming, might impact crop production as crops grow hastily during their growth stage, thus giving out a smaller amount grain in the process. Rising consciousness about weather changes and the significance of greenhouse technology in improving crop produce are the key factors propelling the demand for the greenhouse horticulture industry.
Recent Trends in the Greenhouse Horticulture Industry
As per a report by Research Dive, the global greenhouse horticulture market is projected to garner a revenue of $66,419.9 million by 2028. The growing shift of farmers towards advanced and innovative farming technologies to boost crop production is expected to unlock rewarding opportunities for the global industry in the coming years. Some of the leading players active in the greenhouse horticulture market are Sotrafa, Richel Group, Rough Brothers, Inc., Certhon, Poly-Tex, Inc., Luiten Greenhouses, Netafim, Dalsem, and Van der Hoeven Horticultural Projects BV, Europrogress and others. Market players are focused on developing strategies such as partnerships, product development, mergers and acquisitions, and collaborations to achieve a foremost position in the global market. For instance,
- In July 2020, Lieutenant Governor R.K. Mathur, the first Lieutenant Governor of Ladakh, launched Ladakh Greenhouse Project with an aim to enhance availability of vegetables in Ladakh through deep winter greenhouse agriculture.
- In July 2021, Wageningen University, a university and research centre in the Netherlands, launched third, 100% autonomous greenhouse challenge, with lettuce.
- In September 2021, Bayer, a company involved in research in the areas of crop protection, biology, biotechnology, and data science, announced about its expansion of vegetable seed offerings under the new “Vegetables by Bayer” umbrella to include organically grown seeds. This new launch will emphasize on certified organic production in 3 major crops for the greenhouse industry: sweet pepper, tomato, and cucumber.
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Global Greenhouse Horticulture Market
The sudden outburst of the coronavirus pandemic has negatively impacted the global greenhouse horticulture sector. The implementation of stringent lockdown rules to avert the spread of the virus had caused disruptions in the supply chain of the agriculture industry. The dearth in the availability of experienced labours has halted the production activities and hindered crop harvesting. In addition, the execution of restrictions on transportation has disrupted the supply of agriculture produce to marketplaces and customers across the globe. However, the growing initiatives by government bodies for addressing food crisis and ensuring food safety are likely to propel the growth of the global greenhouse horticulture industry in the near future.